The US regulation, in accordance with international standards, issued by the World Health Organization and the UN has classified hazardous products in the public health code into 4 categories: – narcotic substances (eg heroin, cocaine, ecstasy, cannabis, etc.) – psychotropic substances (antidepressants, tranquilizers, hypnotics, etc.) – some other drugs – dangerous substances (ether, acid, etc.) The production, distribution and use of these substances are either severely restricted or for some, such as narcotic drugs, with the exception of medical use.
Alcohol and tobacco are not included in this classification: they are subject to special regulations concerning, in particular, distribution (sale to minors, etc.), advertising, places of consumption and driving. The law is a rule of conduct in society, voted by the representatives of the people and is binding on everyone. Protecting the individual and society, it is at the crossroads of the general interest and individual freedom. It delimits our rights but also our duties. It can thus prohibit or even sanction certain acts dangerous or harmful to oneself or the community. Applying these principles, the law on drugs, in accordance with the international conventions ratified by US, takes into account the public health objectives and rests on three main axes: prohibition of the use; alternative care to the sanction of the use; suppression of traffic and profits at all levels. Make sure a Washington D.C. lawyer is on your side.
The penalties incurred are proportional to the gravity of the offense committed. The law also punishes professionals who facilitate or tolerate drug use or trafficking. For example: doctors or pharmacists who prescribe or deliver these products without respecting the legal rules (those who obtain narcotics with false prescriptions are also punishable); bar or nightclub managers who allow narcotics offenses to be committed (traffic or consumption) in their establishments. All these penalties may include confiscation of movable or immovable property, the prohibition of residence, the prohibition of the territory for foreigners and other administrative prohibitions (manage a drinking establishment, hold a weapon, etc.).
For the use of narcotics, the custody is 24 hours and can be extended also 24 hours with the authorization of the prosecutor of the republic. For the traffic, the police custody can last 4 days on authorization of the magistrates. In both cases, it is necessary to hire a Washington D.C. drug crimes lawyer from Lotze Mosley, LLP.